The city of Coimbra is one of the most important urban centres in Portugal, with a population of 101,069.
There are many archaeological structures which date to the Roman era, when Coimbra was the settlement of Aeminium. Similarly, buildings from the period when Coimbra served as the capital of Portugal (from 1131 to 1255) still remain. During the Late Middle-Ages, with its decline as the political centre of the Kingdom of Portugal, Coimbra began to evolve into a major cultural centre, helped by the university finally established there in 1537. The University of Coimbra is one of the oldest in Europe and the oldest academic institution in the Portuguese-speaking world.