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Sayyid Qutb, Author Of Milestones The guy who invented the Jihad Noter : -----

#1 L'utilisateur est hors-ligne   Desaxee Icône

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Posté 01 août 2005 - 02:39

Sayyid Qutb (9 October 1906 in Musha – executed on 29 August 1966) was an important theoretician of the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood.

Sayyid Qutb was one of the most important figures in the development of jihadi Salafi ideology. Despite coming from a slum area along the Nile Valley, Qutb enjoyed both a Western education and an Islamic education, a typical background for a Salafi intellectual.

Through his life Qutb followed a trajectory from optimism to dark pessimism about the prospects of smoothly reconciling Western ideas and Islamic ideals. Early in his career, he admired many aspects of Western civilisation. He accepted science, technology and rationalism, but was adamant they must not supercede the sovereignty of Allah.

He promoted the idea of pan-Islamic state, governed exclusively through Sharia (Islamic law), as an idea whose time had come, in an age of extranational ideologies .Qutb was an admirer of America until, in his capacity as an employee of the Egyptian education department, Qutb travelled to America in 1948, remaining until 1951. The decadence he perceived during this trip had such an impact that on his return to Egypt, he joined Hassan al-Banna's revolutionary Ikhwan al-Muslimin (Muslim Brotherhood, MB), losing his Education Ministry post in the process.

One of Qutb's main ideas was applying the term Jahiliyya, which originally referred to humanity's state of ignorance before the revelation of Islam, to modern-day Muslim societies. In his view, turning away from Islamic law and Islamic values under the influence of European imperialism had left the Muslim world in a condition of debased ignorance, similar to that of the pre-Islamic era (or Jahiliyya).

Qutb's most influential work was Ma'alim fi'l-Tariq (Milestones/Signposts on the Road).

Qutb wrote Milestones against a background of torture and betrayal during his periods of imprisonment. The book is simultaneously an analysis and a call to arms. Qutb believes that the creative energy of the West is spent, with the systems of the West bankrupt and drawing on Marxist models which themselves have failed. Drawing on Maududi's theories, Qutb asserts that all contemporary societies have reverted to a state of jahiliyya or pre-Islamic ignorance, in which the authority and primacy of God has been replaced by other sources of authority. Qutb pointedly draws comparisons between the alleged state of the Arabian Peninsula at the time of Muhammad (ruled by dictators on behalf of foreign powers) and its state in the 20th Century.

In true Salafi style, Qutb re-analysed the Quran to find a new ideology. He looked at the course of action Muhammad and his jamaat (movement) took in the face of their own jahili society.

He stated that God had revealed his plan to Muhammad in a specific sequence (hence 'Milestones' or 'Signposts' on the Road), which the contemporary jamaat needed to follow if it was to restore the Muslim world to its past glory. In the process Qutb raised several alternative courses of action Muhammad could have taken, but did not, neatly dismissing the equivalent policy proposals taken by contemporary revolutionary groups in Egypt - pan-Arab nationalism, programmes of social welfare in order to convert the masses (the da'wa wing of the MB), and movements of moral re-armament.

For Qutb, the awakening of a single individual to 'True Islam' would lead naturally to the awakening of others and the formation of a jama'at (movement), which would separate itself from jahili society, culture and institutions, while also maintaining some (unspecified) connections. The jama'at would be a necessary prior stage to the establishment of a community, which itself would be the necessary precursor to the establishment of actual rules flowing from the Quranic revelation.

Qutb was let out of prison at the end of 1964 at the behest of the then Prime Minister of Iraq, Abdul Salam Arif, for only 8 months before being rearrested in August 1965. He was accused of plotting to overthrow the state and subjected to what some consider a show trial which culminated in a death sentence for him and six other members of the Muslim Brotherhood. On 29 August 1966, Sayyid Qutb was executed by hanging.

His brother, Muhammad Qutb, moved to Saudi Arabia where he became a Professor of Islamic Studies. One of Muhammad Qutb's students and ardent followers was Ayman Zawahiri, who was to become the mentor of Osama bin Laden.
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#2 L'utilisateur est hors-ligne   king(1) Icône

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Posté 02 août 2005 - 10:57

hi desaxee,

I would like to comment on two things here. first, I think Sayid Qutb did not invent the jihad or holy war in Islam because if we open the Holy Quran, we will find hundreds of verses/ayats that urge muslims on fighting. second, it is unfair to execute someone just because he has some views that are different from us. I think this action of executing without fair trial was against the human rights article in the UN charter.
on the other hand, I know some of these guys are crazy like the one who assassinated VAN Gogh in Holand but it does not mean we should do or behave like them.
Better future for our kids.
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#3 L'utilisateur est hors-ligne   Desaxee Icône

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Posté 02 août 2005 - 08:50

King

The Jihaad in itself originally has nothing to do with the WEST or America.
If you do some research about this guy, you'll find out that he is the first to define the jihaad as a fight against western counties and their imperialist politics towards Muslim world.
Actually his book, Milestones is available on the NET. Here is the link:
http://www.islamistw...utb/Milestones/

Citation

on the other hand, I know some of these guys are crazy like the one who assassinated VAN Gogh in Holand but it does not mean we should do or behave like them

No one , and not me here, Has ever said that.
Understanding those people doesn't mean agreeing with them and supporting their views. Don't get me wrong
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